Glossary of Rowing Terms
Bow: The forward section of the boat. The first part of the boat to cross the finish line.
The person in the seat closest to the bow, who crosses the finish line first.
Bow coxed boat: A shell in which the coxswain is near the bow instead of the stern. It's hard to
see the coxswain in this type of boat, because only his head is visible. Having the coxswain virtually
lying down in the bow reduces wind resistance, and the weight distribution is better.
Button: A wide collar on the oar that keeps it from slipping through the oarlock.
Cox Box: A small electronic display made by Nielsen-Kellerman
that coxswains use during a race for information like stroke rate and elapsed time. The unit
also has an integrated voice amplifier that connects to speakers down the length of the shell
so rowers can hear commands.
Coxswain: Person who steers the shell and is the on-the-water coach for the crew.
Deck: The part of the shell at the bow and stern that is covered with fiberglass cloth or a thin plastic.
Ergometer: Rowers call it an 'erg' or 'indoor rower.' It's a rowing machine that closely approximates
the actual rowing motion. The rowers' choice is the Concept 2, which
utilizes a flywheel and a digital readout so that the rower can measure his 'strokes per minute', the
distance covered, and elapsed time.
FISA: Shorthand for Federation Internationale des Societes d'Aviron (web site).
The international governing body for the sport of rowing in the world, established in 1892.
Gate: The bar across the oarlock that keeps the oar in place.
German rigging: A different way of setting up which side of the boat the oars are on in a sweep boat.
Instead of alternating from side to side all the way down, in a German rigged boat, two consecutive
rowers have oars on the same side.
Lightweight: Refers to the rowers, not the boats; there is a maximum weight for each rower in a
lightweight event as well as a boat average.
Oar: Used to drive the boat forward; rowers do not use paddles. Oars can be for sculling or sweep rowing
and often refered to as 'blades'.
Port: Left side of the boat, while facing forward, in the direction of the movement.
Power 10: A call for rowers to do 10 of their best, most powerful strokes.
It's a strategy used to pull ahead of a competitor.
Repechage: The second-chance race which ensures that everyone has two chances to
advance from preliminary races since there is no seeding in the heats.
Rigger: The triangular shaped metal device that is bolted onto the side of the boat and holds the oars.
Run: The run is the distance the shell moves during one stroke. You can figure it by
looking for the distance between the puddles made by the same oar.
Sculls: One of the two disciplines of rowing; the one where scullers two oars or sculls.
Set: When the boat is balanced from side-to-side while rowing or setting still.
Shell: Can be used interchangeably with boat.
Slide: The set of runners for the wheels of each seat in the boat.
Starboard: Right side of the boat, while facing forward, in the direction of movement.
Stern: The rear of the boat; the direction the rowers are facing.
Straight: Refers to a shell without a coxswain (i.e. a straight four or straight pair).
Stretcher or Footstretcher: Where the rowers' feet go. The stretcher consists of two inclined
footrests that hold the rowers' shoes. The rowers' shoes are bolted into the footrests.
Stroke: The rower who sits closest to the stern. The stroke sets the rhythm for the baot;
others behind him must follow his cadence.
StrokeCoach or SpeedCoach: A small electronic display made by Nielsen-Kellerman
that rowers attach in the boat to show the important race information like stroke rate and elapsed time.
Sweep: One of the two disciplines of rowing; the one where rowers use only one oar. Pairs
(for two people), fours (for four people) and the eight are sweep boats. Pairs and fours
may or may not have a coxswain. Eights always have a coxswain.
Swing: The hard-to-define feeling when near-perfect synchronization of motion occurs in the shell,
enhancing the performance and speed.
USRowing: USRowing is
the governing body for the sport of rowing in the United States.